He would buy his share at the bargain price, sell it at the strike price, and make a profit for the difference, less the amount he paid for the option premium. A purchase option is the right to purchase the underlying for a specific price, on a specific date . If the underlying does not exceed the strike price before the maturity date, the call will expire without value, as it would be cheaper to purchase the underlying directly from the market.
Since the spot price of the underlying asset exceeds the strike price, the option writer accordingly incurs a loss (equal to the profit of the option buyer). However, if the market price of the underlying asset does not exceed the option’s exercise price, the option with no value will lapse. The option that the seller receives for the amount of the premium he has received for the option. But investors can use this to their advantage by buying and selling sales and sales options.
For purchase options, the strike price is the standard price at which the buyer can purchase the underlying asset. For example, traders who have purchased a stock purchase option with a $ 100 strike price may use the option to purchase the shares before the maturity date for $ 100. In this case, the strike price is the price at which traders can sell the underlying asset. For example, buyers of a stock option with a $ 100 strike price may use their option to sell the shares for $ 100 before maturity. While selling a call seems to be a low risk, and it often is, it can be one of the most dangerous option strategies due to the possibility of unlimited loss when the action is activated. Just ask traders who sold GameStop stock calls in January and lost a fortune in days.
If you look closely at the payment diagram, they both look like a mirror image. The specular picture of the reward emphasizes the fact that the risk reward characteristics of a buyer and seller of options are opposite. The maximum loss of the buyer of the purchase option is the maximum profit of the seller of the purchase option. Likewise, the buyer of the purchase option has unlimited profit potential, indicating that the seller of the purchase option has maximum loss potential. If the stock ends between $ 20 and $ 22, the purchase option still has some value, but generally the operator loses money. And below $ 20 per share, the option is worthless and the caller loses all investments.
The investor expects the security price to rise to buy the shares at a discount rate. The writer, on the other hand, expects the stock price to fall or at least remain the same, so that he does not have to exercise the option. When a prediction is correct, an investor can earn a very significant amount because the option prices are much more volatile. However, the potential for greater rewards carries a greater risk. For example, when buying shares, it is generally unlikely that the investment will be completely eliminated.
The buyer / owner of the sale is short of the underlying asset of the put option, but long on the put option itself. That is, the buyer wants the value of the put option to increase due to a decrease in the price of the underlying asset below the strike price. The writer of a put option is long on the underlying asset and is short of the put option itself.
The sales writer believes that the underlying safety price will rise and not fall. The sales writer’s total potential loss is limited to the sales price minus the place and the premium already received. Cuts can also be used to mitigate the writer’s portfolio risk and can be part of an option difference. Sales options are most commonly used in the stock market to protect against a price drop of a stock below a specific price. In this way, the buyer of the sale receives at least the specified strike price, even if the asset is currently worthless. Entering a buy or sell option is a complete game of speculation.
You can also sell a nude shopping option, which can be very risky. This type of option forces you to purchase shares at the spot price when the option is exercised and then sell these shares to the holder for the strike price. Since you pay out of pocket for shares that could sell for more than you get from the option holder, you can lose a significant amount. If you own shares of a share, you can sell a covered purchase option and collect a premium for each share. If the option is exercised, you must sell those shares at the owner’s strike price, even if the spot price is lower.
Read features and risks of standardized options before investing in options. The risk of loss in an unsecured purchase option is potentially unlimited because there is playgroup no limit to the price increase of the underlying asset. Naked options strategies carry the most risk and are only suitable for traders with the highest risk tolerance.