Most people will have higher values when they are under physical or emotional stress. Blood pressure should hoge bloeddruk verlagen be measured when you are relaxed and rested. Below are several ways to find out if you have hypertension.
It can happen as a result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as not getting enough regular physical activity. Certain health problems, such as diabetes and obesity, can also increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. Your doctor will likely recommend readings more often if you have already been diagnosed with high blood pressure or have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Children 3 years and older will usually have their blood pressure measured as part of their annual checkups. Some people have what is called “white coat hypertension.” This means that their blood pressure rises when they are in a doctor’s office because they are nervous.
You can have high blood pressure for years without symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, such as heart attack and stroke. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to check it out. Modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and being overweight or obese.
Patients with stage 1 hypertension are likely to be prescribed a lifestyle adjustment to lower blood pressure. Medication may also be considered based on the risk of cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope by a nurse or other healthcare provider. You can also measure your own blood pressure with an electronic blood pressure monitor.
High levels of stress can increase blood pressure, and if you experience a lot over time, stress can also increase your risk of heart disease. So, look for ways to relieve stress, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, and exercise. If your blood pressure reaches extremely high levels, you may have headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds. However, these symptoms may not be specific to your blood pressure. Critically high blood pressure can be caused by conditions that may have similar symptoms, such as strokes, heart attacks, heart failure, kidney failure, or certain drug interactions.
Sometimes blood pressure medications can lower your blood pressure too much. If you have signs of low blood pressure (dizziness, fainting, blurred vision, nausea), talk to your doctor. On the other hand, if your systolic number increases to 180 or more or if your diabetes number increases to 110 or more, seek medical attention immediately.